How Does The Weather Conditions Affect Cellular Reception?

Cell Phone Repeater
Cell Phone Repeater
Cell Phone Repeater
Cell Phone Repeater

You might have experienced call drops or slow data speeds when you are inside your house. This might be because of the poor cell reception inside the house. There are several factors that can cause poor cell reception, such as building materials, distance from the cell tower, obstructions like trees, mountains, hills, etc.

One other factor that can negatively affect the cell reception inside your house is poor weather condition. Different weather conditions have a direct or indirect effect on the strength of the incoming cell signals.

In this article, we will take a look at how different weather conditions affect the cell reception inside your house.

Effects Of Water And Air Temperatures on Cell Signals

The cell signals are radio waves that have high frequency and wavelength. Radio waves do not travel well through water molecules because the water can reflect the radio waves. Also, the water vapor in the atmosphere will absorb the energy of the cell signals and turn it into heat thus decreasing its strength. That means on a rainy day, you won’t have proper cell reception.

The atmospheric temperature also has a significant role to play in the cell reception. The air temperature can influence the humidity levels in the atmosphere. It is important to note that the propagation of UHF frequencies and low frequencies are very different. The atmospheric temperature changes can cause the layer of warm air to trap above a layer of cool air.

This will create atmospheric ducts that cause the radio signals to bounce off to longer distances than usual. If the cell tower is located near a layer of warm air that is above a layer of cool air, the cell signals may take a longer distance to reach your house and the cell signals won’t have enough strength to allow you to make calls or browse the internet.

Weather Conditions That Affects Cell Signal Strength

Rain

We have already discussed that water can reflect radio waves and thereby reduce the strength of the cell signal that reaches your house. When it is raining heavily, the water droplets will reflect the cell signals coming from the cell tower. The cell signals will be scattered more when the water drops are larger. When compared to other weather conditions, rain weakens the cell signals more.

Snow

The ice crystals are less dense than water and they do not have the same effect on the cell signal propagation. However, heavy snowfall can refract the cell signals coming from your nearest cell tower and decrease its strength causing poor cell reception inside your house.

Lightning

Lightning is another common weather condition that can negatively affect your cellular reception. This is mainly because lightning can cause electrical interference that may affect the cell signals. Sometimes a lightning strike will damage the cell tower or other essential equipment for the transmission of cell signals. This will affect the local cell service and you won’t get any form of cell signals to make calls or browse the internet.

Clouds And Fog

The effect of clouds and fog on the cell signal might probably be less than rain but still, it can decrease the strength of the cell signal. The effect of fog on the cell signal mainly depends on the frequency range. If the frequency is above 2,000 gigahertz, the fog will scatter the cell signal. Most of today’s 4G LTE bands have frequencies higher than 2,000 gigahertz.

Wind

Wind does not directly decrease the cell signal strength. However, high winds can affect the cell reception inside your house. High winds can cause severe damages to the cell tower or the equipment associated with it. When the cell tower is damaged, it affects the local cell service.

What Is The Best Solution?

Increasing the strength of the incoming cell signal is the only solution for poor cell reception caused by bad weather conditions. The best way to increase the cell signal strength is by installing a cell phone booster inside your house. A cell phone booster can boost incoming cell signals of varying strengths.

A cell phone repeater has an external antenna that is usually placed on the roof of the house to capture the cell signals coming from the cell tower. The external antenna is connected with the amplifier using a coaxial cable. The cell signals captured by the external antenna is transmitted to the amplifier that is placed inside the building through the coaxial cable.

The amplifier unit is responsible for increasing the strength of the cell signals captured by the external antenna. An average in-house cell phone booster can increase the cell signal strength by 32 times. After amplifying the cell signals, the amplifier transmits them to the internal antenna. The internal antenna will redistribute the amplified cell signals to all the cellular devices inside the house.